Considered by the UNESCO a world cultural heritage, Trulli are the dry stone huts with a conical roof that made Puglia famous allover the world.
These buildings, used as field shelters or store houses, have a long history that reached its best period in the 19th century.
The rural history tells that these buildings had a particular shape that let the farmers destroy the roof when the tax collectors came to take money for the house tax.
In that period, when the house taxes were collected without a real land register, a stone building without a roof couldn’t be considered as a real home. The Trulli, in fact, were made in a way that let the people destroy the conic roof by taking off a single stone in the roof and then rebuilt it when possible.
(ph. credit: http://www.visual-italy.it)
The Trulli were constructed from worked limestone boulders that people took from the fields and were made without cement, but by using only the drystone technique.
The particular artistic touch that made these buildings famous in the world are the typical roofs, that terminate in a decorative pinnacle, which has often an apotropaic function.
They had a precise function, that was that of collecting rainwater that, through eaves at the base of the roof itself, diverted the water in a cistern at the base of the house.
Moreover, every house had a symbol on it, which pointed out various meanings. From the religious Christian crosses, to other religious or devotion-linked signs, these symbols were whitewashed and are now still visible in the area.
Nowadays, the Trulli are usually restored as dependancies of luxury houses, thanks to their particular and historical value that gives them a fascinating look.
Trullo in Sieri, for example, is one of the luxury properties that Luxury Property Puglia offers on sale: it maintained the old aspects from the 1920s, with the stairs that enclose the building and the typical conic roof but it is completely restored and can be used as a independent dependance of the new house.
Discover more about Trullo in Sierri here!